At the November presidential election, Bongo was re-elected
with 79.18% of the vote - well ahead of his opponents. The
69-year-old Bongo first took up the post of head of state in
1967 and is thus the African head of state that has been the
longest in the post. His main counterpart Pierre Mamboundou
got 13.61% of the vote and former prime minister Zacharie
Myboto got 6.58%. Both characterized the election as
"characterized by scams".
In January 2006, the country's new prime minister, Jean
Eyeghé Ndong, released its ministerial list of 49 ministers
- 12 of them women.
Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of GA and its meanings of Gabon.
In February 2006, the governments of Gabon and Equatorial
Guinea agreed to begin negotiations on a number of small
islands in the Gulf of Guinea, which may have oil in the
The high oil price and a significant increase in oil
extraction resulted in increased oil revenues and in July
2007 the government decided to repay its foreign debt of DKK
2.3 billion. US $ with the Paris Club. Gabon now has the
highest human development index (HDI) in sub-Saharan Africa.
In October, the government decided to abolish the death
penalty, which had not been applied for 10 years.
Omar Bongo died in June 2009. The ruling party PDG then
elected Bongo's son, Defense Minister Ali Bongo Ondimba as
its candidate for the subsequent presidential election.
However, several media pointed out that a power struggle was
taking place within the party over the post of the deceased
president's successor. Prime Minister Jean Eyeghé Ndong had
hoped to be nominated by the PDG, and the election of his
son led him to resign from the Prime Minister's post in
July. He was followed by Paul Biyoghé Mba.
The August presidential election was won by Bongo with
42% of the vote. The opposition's allegation of electoral
fraud led to the electoral commission counting the votes,
which did not change the outcome. Bongo took office as
president in October and decided to retain Mba on the prime
minister's post. However, the government was reduced from 44
to 30 members in line with the presidential election promise
to cut government spending.
An additional election in 2010 gave 3 seats to PDG and 2
to the newly formed opposition UN (Union Nationale), which
consisted predominantly of defectors from PDG.
On January 25, 2011, opposition leader André Mba Obame
claimed the presidential post, declaring that the country
should be led by a people trust. At the same time, he
appointed 19 "ministers" and, along with a few hundred
supporters, spent the night at the UN headquarters in
Libreville. The day after the government dissolved Mba
Obama's party. African Union (AU) President Jean Ping stated
that Mba Obama's actions had "compromised the integrity of
the legitimate institutions and jeopardized the peace,
security and stability of Gabon".
In August 2012, there was a clash between protesters and
police in the capital Libreville. The demonstration was in
support of Andre Mba Obame, who protesters claimed won the
presidential election in 2009. They threw stones and bottles
at police, who again responded with tear gas. 10 were
injured. These were the most serious clashes since 2009.
In January 2014, Daniel Ona Ondo assumed the post of
Prime Minister after Ndong Sima.