Two members of the Armed Forces Provisional Council were
arrested in January 1995 and charged with trying to restore
power to civilians. In March, Jammeh also arrested the
former Attorney General and State Attorney for promoting a
return to civilian rule. In November, the military junta
expanded the powers of the security forces. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of GA and its meanings of Gambia.
The military government declared it would hold
parliamentary and presidential elections in June 1996.
Still, the discharge was abandoned. Following a referendum
in August, a new constitution was adopted. Jammeh
characterized this step as the first step on the road to the
re-establishment of civil political life. Until then, he had
been chief of the Armed Forces Military Government, and in
September he was elected as the country's 2nd elected
In August 1997, the government lifted the last
restrictions on political life that had been in effect since
the military coup in 1994. In March 1998, Jammeh reduced the
number of members in its cabinet. At the same time, the
country was elected as a non-permanent member of the UN
The detention of Muslim leaders became more frequent
throughout 1998. In August, Jammeh traveled to Mauritania
for a meeting with President Moaouia Ould Sidi Mohammed Taya,
to "find a solution to the conflict that had ravaged
Guinea-Bissau for two months."
In May 1999, opposition politician Ousainou accused
Darboe of the UDP, the government of arresting party members
and of maintaining a "false" democracy. On June 9, Jammeh
accused Western donor countries of condoning their
assistance in respecting human rights and democracy. A few
days later, leaders from Casamance, Senegal in Gambia met to
work out a joint strategy for Senegal peace talks.
On September 25, at the UN General Assembly, Jammeh
accused the World Organization of its "slowness and lack of
accountability for the conflicts that ravaged Africa". A
month later, the Press Union criticized a new "government
move to regulate freedom of the press". The government
wanted annual reviews on the editorial boards, and at the
same time the Minister of Information threatened the press
to withdraw its permits. In January 2000, security forces
thwarted a "coup attempt" and detained two officers - the
rebel's alleged backmen.
Together with 44 other countries - predominantly African
- the Gambia lost the right to vote in the UN General
Assembly on February 2, 2000 - ' lack of payments to the
World Organization ».
The Association of Sahel-Saharan States (Comessa) met in
Chad on February 5, taking on Gambia, Senegal and Djibouti
as new members of the organization. The 11 member states
agreed "not to intervene in the internal affairs of other
member states, not to make territory available to opponents
of another member state, and not to support resistance
forces in some of the other member states".
On April 11, students and police clashed in the streets
of Banjul, condemning the students "to face illegal
detention." Six people were killed during the clashes and
the police were put on the highest alert. The International
Red Cross condemned that one of their staff members had been
shot despite being clearly identifiable.