State and politics
Grenada is an independent state within the Commonwealth.
Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of GD and its meanings of Grenada. The British monarch is head of state and is represented on
the spot by a general governor. Parliament consists of a
Senate with 13 members appointed by the Governor-General and
a legislative House of Representatives with 15 elected
members. General elections are held every five years and the
government is accountable to Parliament.
Since the beginning of the 1990s, both center-oriented
New National Party (NNP) and National
Democratic Congress (NDC) have been taking turns to
form government. In the 2008 election, NDC won a majority of
the votes cast and got 11 out of 15 seats in the House of
Representatives, while NNP took the remaining 4 seats. NDC
leader Tillman Thomas became government leader. The main
reasons for the NNP's election loss were popular
dissatisfaction with the government's unsuccessful attempts
to curb rising inflation and poorly managed reconstruction
work after Hurricane Ivan in 2004.
The 2013 parliamentary election meant a landslide victory
for the opposition party NNP, which won all seats in the
House of Representatives. New head of government became
former Prime Minister Keith Mitchell. As explanations for
the NNP's election victory, dissatisfaction with the
economic development since 2008 and internal disputes within
NDC were highlighted. See also History.
The legal basis of the legal order is considered English
law as it appeared in 1783. It has been amended and
supplemented by national law, but this too usually follows
the English legal development. The death penalty remains in
the penal code but is de facto abolished in 1978.