In 2002, Guinea, Sierra Leona and Liberia took joint steps
to improve security along their common borders, thus
preventing future infiltration of partisans. The US
Department of Foreign Affairs has estimated that the past
decade's wars across these borders and their brutal
consequences for the civilian population have been the main
cause of growing tribalism, economic problems, lousy
government administration and the large number of armed
youths who terrorize and shoot and kill without prosecution. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of GV and its meanings of Guinea.
On December 21, 2003, when the presidential elections
were held, the government allowed only diplomatic cars or
cars with special permission to drive, and in the previous
days closed borders and airport. The election campaign was
marked by the failure of the attempt at dialogue between the
government and opposition leaders, and the opposition ended
up boycotting the election in protest of the lack of justice
and transparency in the election. Before the election,
government-critical officers in the army were arrested and
Conté was elected president for the third time.
In March 2004, the president broke the tradition when he
appointed Rawya bint Saud al-Bousaid to be the country's
first female minister - for higher education.
In April 2004, Lounseny Fall resigned as prime minister.
According to his own information, his resignation was due to
Conté not giving him enough leeway to save the country's
In October 2004, the first parliamentary elections -
majlis al-shura - were held, in which all over 21 could
participate. However, the enlargement of the constituency
did not change the composition of the parliament.
In November, the government signed an agreement with a
Japanese mining company to build an aluminum plant worth $ 2
billion. US $ in the mining town of Sangaredi in the
country's northeast corner. The new plant is the largest of
its kind in the world, and the project is the largest that
has been completed in West Africa.
In January 2005, 100 suspected Islamists were arrested,
and 31 of them were tried, accused of attempting to
overthrow the government. Despite the serious indictment,
they were all acquitted in June.
During a visit to France in 2005, when he visited his
family, Prime Minister François Fall resigned and sought
political asylum. As a reason, he mentioned the corruption
in the country and the president's increasing interference
in his work that made this impossible. In April 2006, Conté
Falls removed successor, Cellou Dalein Diallo. The country
was without prime minister until February 2007.
Thousands of supporters of Alpha Condé had met when he
returned from his exile in France in July 2005.
In August 2005, President Conté allowed private and
non-governmental organizations to set up radio and
television stations. A 14-year ban was thus repealed. It was
pressure from foreign donors - especially Europeans - along
with a strong national campaign for press freedom that
forced the president to lift the ban. In any case, the
president excluded political parties and religious
organizations from the right to create their own stations.
At the same time, many local journalists feared that in many
cases the possibility of obtaining a broadcast permit would
be hampered by bureaucratic procedures. In the first
instance, applications must be sent to the Ministry of
Information, which processes them and passes them on to the
National Communications Council. Ultimately, however, it is
the Ministry of Telecommunications that has to issue the