Following the Constitution of 1980, last revised in 2001,
Guyana is a democratic and unified state republic.
Legislative power has been added to the National Assembly.
It has 65 members, elected in direct elections for five
years40 of the seats elected on national party lists, the
rest on regional lists. The executive is appointed a
president, nominated by the National Assembly's largest
party and elected in direct elections for five years. The
President appoints the Prime Minister and the Government,
who are responsible to the National Assembly.
Ethnic tensions, economic crisis, growing repression,
widespread corruption and growing isolation from the western
world have characterized Guyana politics. Emigration and
border disputes with Surinam and Venezuela have also helped
to destabilize the government. The most important parties
are the African-American People's National Congress
(PNC) and the Asian-based People's Progressive Party
(PPP), which is in coalition with the Civic Alliance (party
based on the business environment).
Administratively, the country of Guyana is divided into 10 regions,
each governed by an elected regional council. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of GY and its meanings of Guyana.
The judiciary is characterized by British law. Local
magistrates' courts will be sentenced in the first instance.
The Supreme Court is the Supreme Court, consisting of a
Court of Appeal and a Supreme Court of Justice. Supreme
Court decisions can be appealed to the Caribbean Court of
Justice, which is based in Port of Spain, Trinidad.
Guyana has a small and easily equipped defense force,
which also handles semi-military internal security tasks.
The country has received increased military support from
Brazil in recent years. The total force figures for Guyana's
armed forces are 3400 active personnel, with a reserve of
670 personnel (2018, IISS).
The army has a workforce of 3000 active personnel.
Materials include nine light trucks and medium-heavy
The Air Force has a personnel force of 200 active
personnel, four light transport aircraft and three
The Navy has a workforce of 200 active personnel and five