The Constitution of 1982, as last amended in 1999, is the
14th since independence in 1838. After the Constitution,
Honduras is a unified state, democratic republic. The
supreme authority has been appointed a president, who is
elected in the general election for four years and cannot be
re-elected. The Legislative Authority has added a national
congress of 128 members, elected in ratio elections for four
years. The voting age is 18 years. In response to the
country's long-standing dictatorship, and the fact that
military leaders have played a significant role in politics,
the Constitution contains provisions that give the National
Assembly significant powers. The assembly may include:
accept or reject a number of decisions the executive makes.
Two parties dominate; the Conservative National Party PN
and the liberal PLH. The policy is characterized by
instability, with frequent interference from the military,
both formal and real. The influence of the United States has
also been great.
Administratively, the country of Honduras is divided into 18
ministries. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of HN and its meanings of Honduras.
The judiciary is headed by a Supreme Court of 15 members,
elected for seven years by the National Assembly. The
legislation is characterized by Spanish examples with
increasing influence from English law.