Liechtenstein was, after the Constitution of 1921, a
constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, but
after a referendum and constitutional amendment in 2003, the
head of state, the prince, gained power. He can personally
appoint the government and judges, as well as dissolve the
The country day is elected for four years and has 25
members. As in neighboring Switzerland, referendums and
popular initiatives play a major role. The women were only
granted national voting rights after a referendum in 1984.
At municipal level, female voting rights were granted in
Vaduz in 1976, but not until 1986 had all municipalities
Administratively, the country is divided into 11
municipalities, all with elected councils. Liechtenstein has
been a member of the Customs Union with Switzerland since
1924 (somewhat influenced by the EEA, which is outside
Switzerland) and uses the Swiss currency (Swiss franc) and
customs and postal administration. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of LS and its meanings of Liechtenstein.
The judiciary is divided into civil and criminal courts.
Of the first, there is a land court as a court of first
instance and a court of law as a second court. Of the
others, there is a district court, an assistant court and a
criminal court as a court of first instance and a court of
law as a second court. On the third court level there is a
Supreme Court. In addition, there is an administrative
appeal and a state law (for the protection of public law).