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Maldives Political System

Following the 1968 Constitution, the Maldives is an independent, unified state and presidential republic. The head of state, the president, is approved in general elections after being nominated by the National Assembly, the Citizens' Council. The election period is five years. The president has executive power and completely dominates the country's politics. The other government is formally responsible to the Citizens' Council, but in practice primarily to the President. The Citizens' Council (Majlis) has 50 members, 42 elected in the general election for five years and 8 appointed by the president. The country's politics are very personal. The governance is authoritarian, although in recent years there has been a democratizing initiative. Parties are not allowed, but after the 2005 elections, 18 of the 42 seats are considered to belong to the opposition.

Government and Politics of Maldives

The 26 atolls are divided into 19 administrative districts, led by an atoll chief appointed by the president. The capital is controlled directly by the government.

The judiciary

The judiciary is based on Islamic law and English examples. All courts are under the control of the Ministry of Justice and Islamic Affairs. The Supreme Court is the Supreme Court.

Maldives defense

The Maldives has a small national security force, the National Security Service, which is a semi-military police force that also includes a coastguard force. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of MV and its meanings of Maldives.

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