Following the 1974 Constitution, Malta is a
parliamentary-democratic and unified state republic. The
head of state is a president, elected for five years by the
House of Representatives. The president has primarily formal
duties. Executive power has been added to the government,
which in turn is based on and is responsible to the House of
Representatives elected. The house is elected in general
elections for five years, based on ratio choices. It has at
least 65 seats; the party with the most votes is given
additional mandates to secure a majority.
Malta is divided into six administrative units, but they
are centrally managed. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of MT and its meanings of Malta.
Maltese civil law is based on Roman law, while public law
is heavily influenced by British law. The country has a
Constitutional Court, a Court of Appeal, a Criminal Court of
Appeal, a Civil and Criminal Court, Magistrate Courts, a
Youth Court and Conciliation Council. The head of the
Constitutional Court and the Court of Appeals is the
country's Supreme Court Justice.
The military service in Malta is voluntary. The total
personnel force is 1950 active personnel, with a reserve of
180 personnel (2018, IISS). The military is easily equipped.
Army, navy and air defense are not separate arms
branches, but components of a common force. The air
component has three maritime patrol aircraft, two light
transport aircraft, three training aircraft and six
helicopters. The sea component has eight patrol vessels and
two auxiliary vessels.