The Micronesia Federation is, after the 1979
Constitution, a federal and democratic state. The country
has an agreement on free association with the United States,
established in 1986, renegotiated in 2004. US responsibility
for the country's security. The four states of the
federation are Kosrae, Yap, Pohnpei and Chuuk. The Supreme
Legislature of the Federation has added a congress of 14
senators. Four senators are elected by the states and sit
for four years. The other ten are chosen for two years from
smaller circles, divided by population size. An executive
has been added to a president, who is elected by Congress
from among the four state representatives. The presidential
office switches between the states.
The four states have their own constitutions, elected
legislative assemblies and governors. At the local level
there are municipalities and villages. Elected magistrates
and councils lead the municipalities, while the villages are
The judiciary includes a Supreme Court and state and
Micronesia Federation International Relations
The Micronesia Federation is a member of the UN (from
1991) and most of the UN's special organizations, including
The World Bank, by the way Pacific Islands Forum. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of FM and its meanings of Micronesia.
State and politics
The Micronesia Federation is a federal republic with a
free association with the United States. The islands are
divided into four groups that make up states. Formal
political parties are missing. It is a one-chamber
parliament with 14 members; 4 are elected by the states and
sit for 4 years.
The states, which have a high degree of autonomy with
their own constitutions, elected state assemblies and
governors. The president is both the head of state and the
head of government; President since 2007 is Emanuel Mori.
The judiciary includes state courts and a Supreme Court.
Foreign policy is close to that of the United States. The
United States is in charge of defense. The Micronesia
Federation is a member of UN and Pacific Islands Forum.