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Montenegro Politics

State and politics

During the crisis that preceded Yugoslavia's dissolution, Montenegro allied with Serbia. In April 1992, these states formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In June 1992, Montenegro, like Serbia, became subject to UN sanctions. Cooperation between the two remaining Yugoslav republics was not without problems, and in Montenegro a discussion on independence began to take off. In August 1999, the Government of Montenegro presented a proposal for redefining Serbia-Montenegro relations in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia into a looser state federation. Following pressure from, among others, the EU, Montenegro agreed to form, together with Serbia, the Serbia and Montenegro state union in 2003. In a referendum on May 21, 2006, the people of Montenegro voted for an exit from the Union, which was implemented on June 3 of the same year. Independence was quickly recognized by the outside world, while Montenegro sought (and gained) membership in international organizations; Serbia had to take over the old joint international membership. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of MW and its meanings of Montenegro.

Government and Politics of Montenegro

A new constitution was adopted in the autumn of 2007 according to which the executive power belongs to the president, who is elected in general elections for a maximum of two five-year terms. In the 2013 presidential election, Filip Vujanović from DPS (see below) was re-elected president. A single-chamber parliament (skupština), with 81 members elected in general elections of four years, has the legislative power. In the October 2012 parliamentary elections, a coalition led by Montenegro's largest party DPS (Montenegro's Democratic Socialist Party) received nearly 46 percent of the vote, and DPS leader Milo Đukanovićcould again become prime minister. Đukanović has dominated politics in the country since the beginning of the 1990s, first as president, then as prime minister on several occasions, and was one of the main advocates of independence. The DPS has its roots in the old Communist Party, as well as the largest party in the divided opposition, the SNP (Montenegro Socialist People's Party), which was for a continued union with Serbia and in 1998 broke out of the DPS. Locally, Montenegro is divided into 21 municipalities (opština).

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