Following the Constitution of 1991, the Republic of
Northern Macedonia is a unified state parliamentary
President, Prime Minister and Government
The country's head of state is a president, elected in
the general election for five years. The President has the
most ceremonial functions. He or she represents the country,
is a military commander, appoints the prime minister,
proposes members of the Judicial Council and heads the
country's Security Council (as well as appoints three of its
The prime minister and the government have their basis in
the legislative assembly, the National Assembly Sobranie.
Sobranie is elected in the general election for four years
and can have between 120 and 140 members. Following the 2011
election, there are 123 members, three of whom are elected
from the Macedonian diaspora.
120 members of the National Assembly are elected in
proportional elections on party lists. There are six
constituencies that elect 20 members of the National
Assembly. D'Hondt's method is used and there is no barrier.
Yugoslavia, in practice Serbia, in 1992 accepted Northern
Macedonia's resignation from this federation.
Administratively, the country is divided into 84
Northern Macedonian politics is characterized by rivalry
between two political blocs. One is led by the conservative
VMRO-DPMNE, the other by the Social Democratic SDSM. Both
blocks include parties representing Albanian-language
voters. This is important as there are ethnic tensions
between Macedonians and Albanians in the Republic.
The judiciary must be independent. It is headed by the
Supreme Court. Judges are appointed by a Judicial Council,
appointed by the National Assembly.
Presidents of Northern Macedonia
Presidents of Northern Macedonia since independence in
Prime Ministers of Northern Macedonia
Prime Ministers of Macedonia since independence in 1991.