Since independence in 1975, Papua New Guinea has had a
British-style parliamentary-democratic form of government.
The British Queen is the country's head of state and is
represented by a Governor General. The Governor-General, who
has been in office for a period of six years, must be from
Papua New Guinea. He is appointed by the head of state on
the proposal of the government and the National Assembly.
Legislative power has been added to the National Assembly,
the House of Assembly, with 109 members elected for five
years from one-person circles. Executive power has been
added to the government, whose chair is appointed by the
Governor-General on a proposal from the House of Assembly.
The government is responsible to the Assembly House.
The policy is characterized by many and loose party
groupings, a considerable degree of personal rivalry and
corruption. Regional and tribal contradictions have also
been considerable at times. A vulnerable economy, natural
disasters (volcanic eruptions and earthquakes), aggressive
timber and mining activities, and sometimes tense relations
with neighboring countries are also causes of political
The country is divided into 19 provinces as well as the
metropolitan district. The provinces are headed by a
state-appointed governor. In 1995, the board of the formerly
quite independent provinces changed in a centralizing
direction. The metropolitan area has its own
state-controlled governance system.
The Supreme Court is the Supreme Court, whose chairman is
appointed by the Governor-General on a proposal from the
Prime Minister. Other judges are nominated by a special
commission. The judiciary is characterized by
British-Australian influence. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of PG and its meanings of Papua New Guinea.
State and politics
Papua New Guinea is a constitutional monarchy and is part
of the Commonwealth of Nations (formerly the British
Commonwealth) with the British monarch as head of state,
represented in the country by a Governor-General elected by
the National Assembly. Sir Robert (Bob) Dadae of the
United Party has held office since 2017.
The form of government, like many former British
colonies, is parliamentaryism by the Westminster model. The
National Assembly has 111 members, 22 of whom are elected
from the provinces (ie 19 provinces, the National Capital
District and the autonomous province of Bougainville) and
are governors in their respective provinces. The remaining
89 are selected from open constituencies. For the 2004
elections, 21 different parties voted. Peter O'Neill of the
People's National Congress Party became prime
minister in 2011, but resigned in May 2019 after months of
turmoil and dissatisfaction with the government's financial
dispositions. New Prime Minister is James Marape.
Papua New Guinea is a member of the United Nations and
most of the UN's special organizations, including the World
Bank, among others by the World Trade Organization, the
Commonwealth, APEC, the Pacific Islands Forum and the
Cotonou Agreement. Port Moresby hosted the APEC meeting in
2018, and the country's management received massive
criticism for lavish spending in connection with the
construction of conference facilities and infrastructure.