|The coup against Progressive President Fernando Lugo led
Paraguay to be frozen out of regional cooperation in South
America. With the election of Horacio Cartes as new
president, privatization and regional reintegration are high
on the agenda.
Paraguay is a coastal country located in
the southern part of South America (latitude 25 ° south,
close to Capricorn's turning circle). The country borders
Bolivia in the north and northwest, Brazil in the north and
northeast, and Argentina in the east and south.
Paraguay is divided into two different geographical
regions that characterize the country's population pattern.
The eastern region houses the country's urban area and is
the most developed region in terms of agriculture due to the
fertile soil. The country's capital Asuncion is located in
this region. The western region, also known as Chaco, on the
other hand has dry land and cattle farming is thus the
region's main source of income. In this region the Mennonite
religious group has a great influence.
Current President Mario Abdo Benitez
After his first year as president, Mario Abdo has been
heavily criticized for the government's lack of a clear
political agenda. In addition, he has been involved in major
scandals surrounding the Itaipú hydroelectric power plant
(the world's most productive hydroelectric power plant),
owned by Brazil and Paraguay.
Mario Abdo's father was a central figure during Alfredo
Stroessner's military dictatorship, which is why the
country's president is considered an extreme right-wing
politician. Abdo's government is composed of a political
alliance and government ministerial posts were allocated as
payment for political services, at the expense of the State
some of Paraguay's biggest challenges are drug trafficking
and money laundering. To counteract these has become Abdo's
main priority by strengthening cooperation with the United
States in this field.
The dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner, partido Colorado
military and politician, characterizes Paraguay's modern
political history. Stroessner held power from 1954 until
1989 when he was overthrown by a new military coup that
started the transition process towards democracy.
Stroessner's dictatorship was backed by the United States in
its attempt to halt the Left's progress in Latin America. It
is important to note that the political party responsible
for the dictatorship and the human rights violations of the
dictatorship are exactly the same party that held power for
the longest time after the reinstatement of democracy.
About the history of Paraguay
The Trippel Alliance War lasted from 1864-1870. Brazil,
Argentina and Uruguay joined forces with Paraguay to secure
much of Paraguay's territories and natural resources. Up
until the Triple Alliance War, Paraguay had maintained a
steady economic development without debt, the country also
received one of Latin America's first railways.
Paraguay's population was severely affected and the
country lost 2/3 of its people, mainly men. Therefore, it
was women who led the country in the post-war period and
women are an icon of the country's reconstruction. When the
war ended, the first liberal constitution was passed and for
the first time a diverse party system, principle of power
distribution and popular sovereignty was established.
The second major war that marks Paraguay's history is the
Chaco War against Bolivia (1932-1935). Chaco is Paraguay's
westernmost region and these two countries have been
fighting for sovereignty over northern Chaco since
independence from Spain. Englishmen and Americans speculated
about the possibility of oil extraction in the region and
pushed both countries to war. Paraguay is considered the
victory of the Chaco War, because even though the war ended
with negotiations, Paraguay had a distinct advantage in