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Political System of the Republic of Congo

The Republic of Congo is a unified republic, led by a president. The head of state, the president, is elected in the general election for five years and can be re-elected once. The President appoints the Prime Minister on a proposal from the government and the party that has a majority in parliament. The Government is responsible to the National Assembly. Parliament has two chambers, the National Assembly and the Senate, with 500 and 108 members, respectively. Both are elected for five years at a time. The voting age is 18 years. The members of the National Assembly are elected directly, while the senators are elected by the provincial assemblies.

Government and Politics of Republic of the Congo

The Republic of Congo was given a new constitution in 2006, which replaced a temporary constitution from 2003. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of CG and its meanings of Republic of the Congo.

Administrative division

According to the new constitution, the Republic of Congo is a unified state divided into 25 provinces and the metropolitan area. The scheme replaced the previous division into 11 regions, including the capital.


The legal system is characterized by Belgian models and different traditional customary law. Under the new constitution, the courts are independent of the other state apparatus, but the judges of the local magistrate's courts are appointed by the president. The Magistrate's Court is the first court in Congo. There are separate appeals courts for civil and military matters, and ultimately a Supreme Court (Cour de Cassation), a Constitutional Court and a Supreme Judicial Council. Among other things, the Justice Council proposes candidates for judicial positions both locally and nationally.

Other Countries in Africa

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