Following the 1992 Constitution, most recently amended in
2001, Slovakia is a unified state democratic republic. The
head of state, the president, is elected from 2001 by direct
election for five years with the possibility of one
re-election; previously he was elected by the National
Assembly - the Slovak National Council. Unlike many other
countries, it is not enough to get the majority of votes
cast in the first place to avoid a second ballot. In order
to be elected in the first round of elections, the candidate
must have received the votes of more than half of the
The President is responsible to the National Council.
Although the president plays a certain political role, the
executive rests primarily with the prime minister and the
The Legislative Assembly, the National Council, has 150
members, elected for four years in general elections in
proportional elections. The party system is relatively
fragmented, and coalition governments have been the usual
The main political parties are smerig-SD, SDKÚ, KDH, SaS,
OL'aNO and Most-Híd.
Administratively, Slovakia is divided into eight regions
(kraje) and further into 79 districts (okresy),
all led by elected councils. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of SK and its meanings of Slovakia.
The judiciary includes a supreme court, county courts and
district courts. It is also a constitutional court of its
own. Judges are elected by the National Council. The
legislation is characterized by Austro-Hungarian examples.
Presidents of Slovakia
Presidents of Slovakia since 1993.
||Vladimir Mečiar *)
||Vladimír Mečiar *)
||Mikuláš Dzurinda *)