State and politics
The Solomon Islands has been an independent state and
member of the Commonwealth since 1978. The British regent is
represented by a Governor General, who must be a citizen of
the Solomon Islands. Parliament has a House with 47 members
elected over four years. Parliamentarism is applied. Some of
the power has been delegated to the provincial councils, in
which the traditional leaders have a special influence.
There are a number of political parties in the Solomon
Islands, but they have more of a character of valiant
alliances. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of SB and its meanings of Solomon Islands. At the 1993 election, Solomon Mamaloni's
government block Group for National Unity and Reconciliation
was defeated by National Coalition Partners, and new Prime
Minister Francis Billy Hilly. This one has to address the
conflict with Papua New Guinea, which has accused the
Solomon Islands of supporting the separatist movement
Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA) on the island of
The legal order is based on English law in combination
with local customary law. The judicial system consists
mainly of the High Court and the Court of
Appeal. The death penalty does not exist in the penal
code since the country became independent in 1978.
State and politics
Solomon Islands is a parliamentary-democratic
constitutional monarchy with the British Queen as head of
state. She is represented by a Governor General. The
government is headed by a prime minister elected by members
of the National Parliament. He proposes the government's 30
members appointed by the Governor-General.
The Prime Minister and the Government are responsible to
the National Parliament, which has one chamber of 50 members
elected in general elections. They are elected for five
years and can be re-elected once.
The Solomon Islands are divided into nine provinces and
one city (metropolitan area).
The country is devoid of military forces. A police force
of nearly 500 men is monitoring the economic zone.
Solomon Islands is a member of the United Nations, the
Commonwealth, the World Trade Organization, the World Bank
and the Pacific Islands Forum.