State and politics
In accordance with the 1987 Constitution, Parliament has
51 members who are elected in general elections every five
years. Parliament appoints the President, who is head of
state and government, and appoints the other members of the
government who are responsible to Parliament.
Also see Suriname Political Reviews.
The military plays a major role, not least in the
National Council, which has significant political influence.
In the years 1980–88, military dictatorship prevailed under
Officer Dési Bouterse, who, even after the transition to
democracy, is a force to be reckoned with in Surinamese
politics. He ran for president in 2005, when then-President
Ronald Venetiaan (born 1936) was re-elected for a second
term. However, Bouterse was appointed president in both 2010
and 2015. He was sentenced in November 2019 by a military
court to 20 years in prison for a 1982 massacre, but decided
to appeal the verdict and remain at the presidential post.
Suriname has a large number of political parties, but
ideological dividing lines are difficult to discern. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of SR and its meanings of Suriname.
The legal system in Suriname is based on a combination of
Dutch legal heritage and domestic legislation. The death
penalty remains in the penal code but is de facto abolished
Heads of State
||Johan HE Ferrier
||Hendrik Chin A. Sen
||Lachmipersad Fred Ramdat-Misier
||This is Bouterse