State and politics
Trinidad and Tobago became a republic in 1976, replacing
the former governor with a president who is elected
for a five-year term by an Electoral College from Trinidad
and Tobago's two-chamber parliament. This consists of a
Senate with 31 members and a House of Representatives with
36 members. The Senate is appointed by the President, and
the House of Representatives is elected by universal
suffrage for a five-year term. The voting age is 18 years.
Tobago has since 1980 shown some self-government and its own
Trinidad and Tobago's large oil revenues, together with
relatively stable policies, have given the country a
significant role in Caribbean cooperation.
Leading party is the People's National Movement,
PNM ('People's National Movement') and largest opposition
party is the United National Congress, UNC. The two
main parties align closely with Trinidad and Tobago's ethnic
composition; PNM is the African American Party, the UNC
Indians Party. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of TNT and its meanings of Trinidad and Tobago.
The legal system in Trinidad and Tobago is based on
English law in combination with domestic legislation and
local precedents. The main courts are the High Court
and the Court of Appeal, with some options to
appeal to the Privy Council in London. The death
penalty can be punished for some serious crimes.
Heads of State
||George Maxwell Richards