Following the Constitution of 1978, Tuvalu is a
parliamentary-democratic constitutional monarchy with the
British Queen as the formal head of state, represented by a
Governor-General. This must be a citizen of the state,
appointed on the proposal of the prime minister and cannot
ignore the advice of the government. The executive power
lies with the prime minister and the government. The prime
minister is elected by and from among the members of
parliament. The other ministers, up to four, are appointed
by the Governor-General on a proposal from the Prime
Minister. The government is accountable to Parliament.
Parliament is elected in general elections for four years,
but can be dissolved sooner. It has 15 members. There are no
political parties, but some political disagreement over
whether the country should remain linked to the United
Kingdom or become a republic.
There are elected councils of six members, as well as
some ex officio members, in all the inhabited islands. The
islands have a certain autonomy. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of TV and its meanings of Tuvalu.
The judiciary includes a trial judge, led by a Supreme
Court justice, who hears appeals from the magistrate's
courts and the eight island courts. The latter have limited
civil and criminal jurisdiction. Supreme Court decisions can
be appealed to the Fiji Court of Appeals, and in the latter
case, to the British Privy Council Judiciary
Weights and Measures
Dimensions and weight are British and metric.
Tuvalu does not have its own defense. Australia's
security is safeguarded by Australia.