Africa Asia Europe North America South America Oceania
You are here: Home > Oceania > Tuvalu

Tuvalu's Political System

Following the Constitution of 1978, Tuvalu is a parliamentary-democratic constitutional monarchy with the British Queen as the formal head of state, represented by a Governor-General. This must be a citizen of the state, appointed on the proposal of the prime minister and cannot ignore the advice of the government. The executive power lies with the prime minister and the government. The prime minister is elected by and from among the members of parliament. The other ministers, up to four, are appointed by the Governor-General on a proposal from the Prime Minister. The government is accountable to Parliament. Parliament is elected in general elections for four years, but can be dissolved sooner. It has 15 members. There are no political parties, but some political disagreement over whether the country should remain linked to the United Kingdom or become a republic.

Government and Politics of Tuvalu

There are elected councils of six members, as well as some ex officio members, in all the inhabited islands. The islands have a certain autonomy. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of TV and its meanings of Tuvalu.

The judiciary

The judiciary includes a trial judge, led by a Supreme Court justice, who hears appeals from the magistrate's courts and the eight island courts. The latter have limited civil and criminal jurisdiction. Supreme Court decisions can be appealed to the Fiji Court of Appeals, and in the latter case, to the British Privy Council Judiciary Committee.

Weights and Measures

Dimensions and weight are British and metric.

Tuvalu's defense

Tuvalu does not have its own defense. Australia's security is safeguarded by Australia.

Other Countries in Oceania

a2z Government Copyright 2009 - 2020 All Rights Reserved