Following the 1995 Constitution, Uganda is a presidential
and unified state republic. The head of state, the
president, is elected in the general election for five
years. He has wide powers, is a military commander and
appoints the prime minister and government.
The Legislative Assembly, the National Assembly, has one
chamber and consists of 303 members. 214 are elected
directly in the general election, 81 are nominated among
various interest groups (including 56 women and 10 from the
army), as well as eight designated mandates. The elections
are valid for five years. From 1986 to 2005, Uganda had a
"zero-party system" in which the elected officials formally
did not belong to any political party. In a 2005 referendum
there was a clear majority to allow for free party
formation, and in the 2006 elections six parties
participated. President Museveni's National Resistance
Movement NRM, which has been in power since 1986, received
205 of its seats.
Administratively, Uganda is divided into four regions and
56 districts, led by elected bodies. The local governance is
still under development. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of UG and its meanings of Uganda.
Legally, the land is divided into magisterial areas. In
every area of law there is a superior court. Under him
there are three categories of magistrates, with only the
first category of magistrates having full legal education.
Cases from courts headed by the first category of
magistrates go directly to the supreme court, cases from the
other magistrates to the supreme court of the jurisdiction
and, if necessary, to the supreme court. A Supreme Court
acts as the Supreme Court of Appeal.
Presidents of Uganda
||Frederick Edward Mutesa II
||Yusufu Kironde Lule
||Godfrey Lukongwa Binaisa