Category: Africa

Sierra Leone Head of Government

Sierra Leone Government and Politics

State and politics After being characterized by military coups and a prolonged and brutal civil war, Sierra Leone has stabilized during the 2000s with several organized shifts of power. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation...

Seychelles Head of Government

Seychelles Government and Politics

Constitution and political system According to AllCityCodes.com, the Seychelles are a unified state republic. The head of state, the president, is elected in the general election for five years and can be re-elected twice....

Senegal Head of Government

Senegal Government and Politics

State and politics GOVERNMENT According to AllCityCodes.com, Senegal’s constitution was adopted in 2001. The executive power is exercised by the president, whose term of office under the Constitution is to be five years but...

Sao Tome and Principe Head of Government

São Tomé and Principe Government and Politics

Constitution and political system According to AllCityCodes.com, São Tomé and Príncipe are a democratic and unified state republic. In 1994, however, the country took a step in the federal direction when Príncipe gained considerable...

Rwanda Head of Government

Rwanda Government and Politics

Following the 2003 Constitution, Rwanda is a multi-party, single-state republic. According to AllCityCodes.com, the head of state, the president, is elected to the general elections for seven years (may be re-elected once). The legislative...

Republic Of The Congo Head of Government

Republic of the Congo Government and Politics

According to AllCityCodes.com, the Republic of Congo is a unified republic, led by a president. The head of state, the president, is elected in the general election for five years and can be re-elected...

Peru Political Reviews

Peru Political Reviews

Increased investment in the extractive industry has made Peru one of the fastest growing economies in Latin America. At the same time, the investment creates conflict due to environmental consequences and uneven distribution of...

Nigeria Head of Government

Nigeria Government and Politics

State and politics Nigeria is Africa’s most populous state and, along with South Africa, the continent’s largest economy, thanks in large part to rich natural resources in the form of oil and natural gas....

Niger Head of Government

Niger Government and Politics

State and politics Niger has since 1960 been characterized by political instability, fueled by drought, fragile economy and ethnic tensions. Military coup governments have replaced each other and most shifts in power have created...

Namibia Head of Government

Namibia Government and Politics

According to AllCityCodes.com, Namibia gained independence and its first constitution in 1990, changed 1998. According to this, Namibia is a democratic and unified state republic. The regime is presidential, with the president not only...

Mozambique Head of Government

Mozambique Government and Politics

Following the 2004 Constitution, Mozambique is a democratic and unified state republic according to AllCityCodes.com. The President of the Republic holds the country’s supreme executive, elected in the general election for five years and...

Morocco Head of Government

Morocco Government and Politics

State and politics According to AllCityCodes.com, Morocco is a monarchy where the king belongs to the Alawite lineage that has ruled the country since 1666. Some democratic reforms have been implemented since the 1990s....

Mauritius Head of Government

Mauritius Government and Politics

State and politics According to AllCityCodes.com, Mauritius became independent in 1968 and has since been one of the few countries in Africa with functioning multi-party systems. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of MU and...

Mauritania Head of Government

Mauritania Government and Politics

Following the 1991 constitution, Mauritania is a presidential, unified state and formally multi-party republic according to AllCityCodes.com. The president is both head of state, head of government and military commander, and is elected in...

Mali Head of Government

Mali Government and Politics

Following the 1992 constitution, Mali is a presidential, unified state republic according to AllCityCodes.com. The president is elected in the general election for five years and can be re-elected once. He appoints the prime...

Malawi Head of Government

Malawi Government and Politics

Under the 1995 Constitution, Malawi is a republic according to AllCityCodes.com. The supreme executive authority is added to the president, who is elected in the general election for five years. Whether the president is...

Madagascar Head of Government

Madagascar Government and Politics

State and politics GOVERNMENT According to AllCityCodes.com, a new constitution for the “Third Republic” was adopted in a referendum in 1992, but a large number of amendments and amendments were subsequently adopted in a...

Libya Head of Government

Libya Government and Politics

According to AllCityCodes.com, Libya became a republic after the military coup in 1969. As a result of the regime change following the multinational military intervention in 2011, Libya has in fact ceased to exist...

Liberia Head of Government

Liberia Government and Politics

State and politics After decades of dictatorship and civil war, Liberia has stabilized during the 2000s and implemented several peaceful shifts of power. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of LR and its meanings of...

Lesotho Head of Government

Lesotho Government and Politics

But even these steps were not enough to satisfy Pretoria, and on January 20, 1986, General Justin Lekhanya – commander of Lesotho’s paramilitary forces – conducted a coup that brought Leabua Jonathan’s government to...

Kenya Head of Government

Kenya Government and Politics

In April 2015, armed men attacked Garissa University College in northeastern Kenya near the Somalia border. 147 students were killed and 79 injured before the perpetrators were surrounded and blew themselves up. Al-Shabaab publicly...

Ivory Coast Head of Government

Ivory Coast Government and Politics

State and politics From independence in 1960 until 1993, the Ivory Coast was ruled by Félix Houphouët-Boigny and his party, the Parti démocratique de la Côte d’Ivoire (PDCI), which before 1990 was the country’s...

Guinea Bissau Head of Government

Guinea-Bissau Government and Politics

According to AllCityCodes.com, the election was finally held in 1994, and here João Bernardo Vieira, Kumba Iala of the Social Renewal Party, defeated. After receiving 46% of the votes in the first round of...

Guinea Head of Government

Guinea Government and Politics

According to AllCityCodes.com, in 2002, Guinea, Sierra Leona and Liberia took joint steps to improve security along their common borders, thus preventing future infiltration of partisans. The US Department of Foreign Affairs has estimated...

Ghana Head of Government

Ghana Government and Politics

State and politics According to AllCityCodes.com, Ghana has since the country’s first president Kwame Nkrumah overthrown at a military coup in 1966 had varied military and civilian rule. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of...

Gambia Head of Government

Gambia Government and Politics

Two members of the Armed Forces Provisional Council were arrested in January 1995 and charged with trying to restore power to civilians. In March, Jammeh also arrested the former Attorney General and State Attorney...

Gabon Government and Politics

Gabon Government and Politics

At the November presidential election, Bongo was re-elected with 79.18% of the vote – well ahead of his opponents. According to AllCityCodes.com, the 69-year-old Bongo first took up the post of head of state...

Ethiopia Head of Government

Ethiopia Government and Politics

State and politics According to AllCityCodes.com, Ethiopia is formally a democracy with multi-party systems, but in practice has functioned as a one-party state governed by the revolutionary democratic front of the Ethiopian people. GOVERNMENT...

Eswatini Head of Government

Eswatini Government and Politics

State and politics According to AllCityCodes.com, Swaziland lacks the constitution and is governed as Africa’s only absolute monarchy. The succession is hereditary. After the 1968 constitution was repealed in April 1973, the King proclaimed...

Eritrea Head of Government

Eritrea Government and Politics

In February 1990, the EPLF conquered the port city of Massawa and then almost the entire Eritrean area. The rebels captured Asmara and the day after the port city of Aseb. The road between...

Equatorial Guinea Head of Government

Equatorial Guinea Government and Politics

In February 2005, a cholera epidemic erupted, becoming the leading cause of death on the island of Bioko, where the capital Malabo is located. 3-5 dead were buried daily in the cemetery, and a...

Egypt Head of Government

Egypt Government and Politics

State and politics According to AllCityCodes.com, Egypt lacks democratic tradition. After the military took power in 1952, an authoritarian state was built based on a strong presidential power legitimized by the military whose influence...

Djibouti Head of Government

Djibouti Government and Politics

Following pressure from the IMF, the government reduced public spending in 1995 and introduced a number of measures to increase government revenue. The following year, the IMF issued a $ 6.7 million loan to...

Democratic Republic of The Congo Head of Government

Democratic Republic of the Congo Government and Politics

State and politics The D.R. Republic’s history has been marked by dictatorship, civil war and other armed conflicts since independence from Belgium in 1960. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of CG and its meanings...

Comoros Head of Government

Comoros Government and Politics

State and politics GOVERNMENT After several years of deep division between the islands of the Federal Republic, the Union of the Comoros was formed by the adoption of a new constitution in a referendum...

Chad Head of Government

Chad Government and Politics

State and politics Since the independence of France in 1960, Chad has been characterized by dictatorial rule and violent shifts in power. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of CD and its meanings of Chad....

Central African Republic Head of Government

Central African Republic Government and Politics

In the November-December 98 parliamentary elections, Patassé’s ruling party and its allies won only 49 of the 109 seats in parliament, but after a series of negotiations, 5 independent candidates and 1 runner-up from...

Cameroon Head of Government

Cameroon Government and Politics

Ahidjo introduced one of the worst repressive regimes of the 1960s in southern Africa. European human rights groups stated that there were thousands of political prisoners in the country’s prisons. Ahidjo resigned unexpectedly in...

Cabo Verde Head of Government

Cabo Verde Government and Politics

On February 12, 2001, presidential elections were held, but as no candidate received more than 50% of the vote, another election round had to be conducted two weeks later. Both candidates blamed each other...

Burundi Head of Government

Burundi Government and Politics

State and politics According to AllCityCodes.com, Burundi has throughout its modern history characterized by the contradiction between the majority of the hutu population, which is estimated to constitute about 85 percent of the residents,...

Burkina Faso Head of Government

Burkina Faso Government and Politics

On September 16, the Presidential Guard (RSP) arrested President Kafando and Prime Minister Zida. This happened two days after the Reform Commission had recommended dissolving the RSP, which had been closely linked to Compaoré....

Botswana Head of Government

Botswana Government and Politics

State and politics Since independence, Botswana has been a multi-party state and one of the most stable and functioning democracies in Africa. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of BC and its meanings of Botswana....

Benin Head of Government

Benin Government and Politics

State and politics According to AllCityCodes.com, Benin was a military-controlled and Marxist one-party state from the 1970s, but in a 1990 referendum adopted a new democratic constitution. The country has since developed into a...

Angola Head of Government

Angola Government and Politics

In January 2010, according to AllCityCodes.com, Parliament passed a constitutional amendment. One of the most important changes was that the president should no longer be elected by direct election but by parliament. The president...

Algeria Head of Government

Algeria Government and Politics

State and politics GOVERNMENT Until 1989, Algeria was a socialist people’s republic with only one permitted party, the Front de Libération National (FLN). Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of DZ and its meanings of...

Africa

Africa

The African territories’ attachment to the European colonial powers varied, from the Congo Free State, which was King Leopold’s private property, to British protectorates, still nominally independent and ruled by local leaders, but under...