Croatia Government and Politics

Following the Constitution of 1990, Croatia is a unified state, presidential republic. The head of state and the true leader of the country, the president, are elected in the general election for five years. The president can be re-elected once. He appoints and dismisses the prime minister and other members of the government, is a military commander and can issue exceptions decrees which have the status of law. The Prime Minister and the Government are formally responsible both to the President and the National Assembly, in practice mostly to the President.

Croatia Country Flag

The Legislative Assembly (Sabor) consists of the House of Representatives and the District House. The House of Representatives (Zastupnički judgment) is the actual legislative assembly. It is elected in general elections for four years, approx. half by ratio choice, the rest by majority choice. In addition to the 124 elected in this way, national minorities that make up less than eight percent of the population have the right to elect up to five representatives, and those constituting more than eight percent, ie the Serbs, have the right to choose a proportionate number of representatives.. The House of Representatives has a maximum of 160 seats; after the 2003 elections, there are 152 seats.

The district house, which primarily has an advisory role, consists of up to 68 representatives: From each of the 20 administrative districts (zupanije) and from the capital Zagreb, three members are elected by majority vote. In addition, the President may appoint up to five representatives. Administratively, Croatia is divided into the 20 districts and the capital and these again into municipalities. They are governed by elected counsel, but have limited self-government. In two special districts, called Kotari, the Serbs have a majority and a further autonomy. Check Countryaah for other countries that start with C.


The Supreme Court is the supreme court. It is also a Constitutional Court. The judges of these courts are appointed for eight years at a time by the Republic’s Legal Council, which is appointed by the National Assembly.

List of Presidents in Croatia after 1990

Croatia is a democratic and parliamentary republic with the president as head of state. The president is elected in the general election for five years and can be re-elected once. Below is an overview of presidents in Croatia since 1990.

Period President
1990-1999 Franjo Tudjman
1999-2000 Vlatko Pavletić
2000-2010 Support Mesić
2010-2015 Ivo Josipović
2015- Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović

List of prime ministers in Croatia after 1990

Croatia is a democratic and parliamentary republic with the president as head of state. The President appoints the Prime Minister. Below is an overview of Croatia’s prime ministers after independence in 1990.

Period Prime minister
1990 Support Mesić
1990-1991 Josip Manolić
1991-1992 Franjo Gregurić
1992-1993 Hrvoje Sarinić
1993-1995 Nikica Valentić
1995-2000 Zlatko Matesa
2000-2003 Ivica Račan
2003-2009 Ivo Sanader
2009-2011 Jadranka Kosor
2011-2016 Zoran Milanović
2016 Tihomir Orešković
2016- Andrej Plenković

Croatia Head of Government

CROATIA was the largest of the six People’s Republics of Yugoslavia. It lies between Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia; to the north it borders for a long stretch directly with Hungary. The coastal district of Ragusa represents a Croatian exclave, surrounded on the back by the Bosnian and Montenegrin territory. On an area of ​​56,553 km 2, 3,749,039 residents were registered. in March 1948, and 3,941,817 in March 1953 (density: 70 residents per km 2). A 1956 valuation raises the figure to 4,194,000. In 1953 the Serbian minority was 588,000 strong; the Hungarian one of 48,000, and the Italian one of 33,000.

Croatia is essentially made up of three regions: a brightly articulated coastal strip, Dalmatia; a portion of the Pannonian plain crossed by the Drava (Podravina) and the Sava (Posavina); an intermediate karst area.

The Pannonian region has an abundant production of cereals and sugar beets, but has preserved, even in the plains, extensive forests of rationally exploited broad-leaved trees (oaks). The wood also cloaks the hilly areas that have not been cleared and invested with vineyards. The presence of modest quantities of coal and oil made it possible to graft the industry on a fundamentally agricultural based economy. Throughout the Croatia, 1,163,000 people are employed in agriculture, and 154,000 those employed in industry. The urban-industrial centers of Posavina are more lively: in addition to Zagreb, which has already exceeded 350,000 residents, Karlovac and Slavonski Brod emerge. In Podravina, Osijek has prominent functions.

The middle karst region of the Croatian republic is covered with woods and pastures on the higher floors; vice versa, in the lower floors it is partly cultivated (Istrian platform), partly it is left for pasture (Dalmatian platform). On the Dalmatian coast and on the insular front in front of the limestone-karst soils alternate with formations of clayey nature (Flysch). The residents of the distinctly karst sections show a particular inclination towards maritime activities: fishing and maritime traffic. Vice versa on the Flysch valuable Mediterranean and sub-tropical crops thrive. On the coast, the two largest cities of the Croatia after Zagreb, which are also the two largest Yugoslav maritime ports, have found the reasons for their development: Rijeka and Split. Both Rijeka and Split have a population. just over 75,000 residents.

You may also like...