Dominica Government and Politics

State and politics


According to, Dominica became an independent republic within the British Commonwealth in 1978. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of DM and its meanings of Dominica. Its president is elected by Parliament for a term of five years and can be re-elected once. A presidential candidate is jointly nominated by the Prime Minister and the leader of the opposition. Such a person must be a Dominican citizen, at least 40 years of age and have lived in Dominica at least five years before the nomination. All heads of state since independence have been men. President since 2013 is Charles Savarin (born 1943). In practice, the executive power is held by the government, which is led by the prime minister.

Parliament has a House, consisting of 21 elected representatives and nine senators, elected or appointed by the President. In addition, the President and the Chancellor of Justice are members of Parliament.


The 1995 parliamentary elections set the stage for Dominica Freedom Party’s (DFP) 15-year reign. Party leader Eugenia Charles had been prime minister since 1980. The party lost four of its eleven seats to the Dominica United Workers’ Party (UWP) and two to the left-wing Dominica Labor Party (DLP), and UWP’s Edison James (born 1943) became new Government.

UWP lost government power in 2000 to DLP, which has since retained it. In the 2005 election, DFP became without a mandate in Parliament and Dominica has since then practically had a two-party system. Prime Minister since 2004 is Roosevelt Skerrit (born 1972). After the 2014 elections, three of the 21 elected members (14 percent) were women; together with the President and three appointed members, the total number of female members was seven out of 32 (22 percent).


The legal system is based almost entirely on the reception of English law. Dominica has its own courts, which are sentenced in the first instance, while the Court of Appeal is shared with several other Caribbean islands. The death penalty can be punished for some serious crimes.

Heads of State


1978 Louis Cools-Lartigue
1978-79 Frederick Degazon
1979 Louis Cools-Lartigue
1979-80 Jenner Armor
1980-83 Aurelius Marie
1983-93 Clarence Seignoret
1993-98 Crispin Sorhaindo
1998-2003 Vernon Lord Shaw
2003-12 Nicholas Liverpool
2012-13 Eliud Williams
2013 Charles Savarin

Dominica Head of Government

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