Dominican Republic Government and Politics

According to, the Dominican Republic is, after the 1966 Constitution, a unified state and formally democratic republic. The supreme executive has been appointed a president, elected in the general election for four years without the possibility of immediate re-election. The legislative authority has been added to a national congress consisting of a Senate with 32 members and a Chamber of Deputies with 178 members. The two chambers are elected in the general and direct elections for four years; the voting age is 18 years.

Dominican Republic Country Flag

Reference: Dominican Republic Flag Meaning

The government has long been characterized by low stability. After a coup in 1930, dictator Rafael Trujillo ruled until 1947 and indirectly (through his brother) until he was assassinated in 1961. Thereafter, Joaquín Balaguer dominated the Christian Socialist Reform Party’s politics until he died in 2002. Politics is characterized by the tension between two fairly large blocks respectively. right and left. In the 2006 elections, the presidential party, the leftist PLD, gained a pure majority in both chambers of the National Assembly.

The political turmoil, and the influence of the even more troubled neighboring Haiti, means that the country’s confidence in the country is low. Foreign debt is also high. The country has no effective policies that create economic growth, and welfare measures have limited coverage.


Administratively, the country of Dominican Republic is divided into 31 provinces, each administered by a state-appointed governor, as well as a national district (the capital). The national district and municipalities are led by elected councils. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of DR and its meanings of Dominican Republic.


The Supreme Court is the Supreme Court with at least 11 (currently 16) judges and the Attorney General as members. Otherwise, there are appellate courts, first instance courts and local courts. The Supreme Court has disciplinary authority over the other courts. The Attorney General is the Chief of Justice and the Ministry he represents in the Supreme Court. Judges are elected by the Senate. The legislation is based on French legal traditions.

Presidents of the Dominican Republic

Presidents of the Dominican Republic from 1930.

Period President
1930-1938 Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina
1938-1940 Jacinto Peynado
1940-1942 Manuel Troncoso de la Concha
1942-1952 Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina
1952-1960 Héctor Trujillo Molina
1960-1962 Joaquín Balaguer
1962-1963 Rafael Bonnelly
1963 Juan Bosch Gavino
1963 Emilio de los Santos
1963-1965 Donald Reid Cabral
1965 José Molina Ureña
1965-1966 Héctor García-Godoy Cáceres
1966-1978 Joaquín Balaguer
1978-1982 Antonio Guzmán Fernandez
1982-1986 Salvador Jorge Blanco
1986-1996 Joaquín Balaguer
1996-2000 Leonel Antonio Fernandez Reyna
2000-2004 Rafael Hipólito Mejía Domínguez
2004-2012 Leonel Antonio Fernandez Reyna
2012- Danilo Medina Sánchez

Dominican Republic defense

The total strength of the Dominican Republic’s armed forces is 56,050 active personnel (2018, IISS). In addition, there are 15,000 semi-military national police forces.


The army has a strength of 28,750 active personnel. Materials include 12 lightweight M41 Walker Bulldog tanks, eight LAV-150 armored personnel vehicles, and 14 helicopters. In addition, the army has light artillery.

Air Force

The Air Force has a strength of 16 100 active personnel. Materials include one reconnaissance aircraft, 13 light transport aircraft, 12 training aircraft (eight of which are Super Tucano which can also be used as light attack aircraft), and 25 helicopters. In addition, the Air Force has anti-aircraft artillery.

The Navy

The Navy has a strength of 11,200 active personnel. The fleet comprises 17 patrol vessels, one landing craft, and eight utility and auxiliary vessels.

Dominican Republic Head of Government

You may also like...