Guinea Government and Politics
According to AllCityCodes.com, in 2002, Guinea, Sierra Leona and Liberia took joint steps to improve security along their common borders, thus preventing future infiltration of partisans. The US Department of Foreign Affairs has estimated that the past decade’s wars across these borders and their brutal consequences for the civilian population have been the main cause of growing tribalism, economic problems, lousy government administration and the large number of armed youths who terrorize and shoot and kill without prosecution. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of GV and its meanings of Guinea.
On December 21, 2003, when the presidential elections were held, the government allowed only diplomatic cars or cars with special permission to drive, and in the previous days closed borders and airport. The election campaign was marked by the failure of the attempt at dialogue between the government and opposition leaders, and the opposition ended up boycotting the election in protest of the lack of justice and transparency in the election. Before the election, government-critical officers in the army were arrested and Conté was elected president for the third time.
In March 2004, the president broke the tradition when he appointed Rawya bint Saud al-Bousaid to be the country’s first female minister – for higher education.
In April 2004, Lounseny Fall resigned as prime minister. According to his own information, his resignation was due to Conté not giving him enough leeway to save the country’s economy.
In October 2004, the first parliamentary elections – majlis al-shura – were held, in which all over 21 could participate. However, the enlargement of the constituency did not change the composition of the parliament.
In November, the government signed an agreement with a Japanese mining company to build an aluminum plant worth $ 2 billion. US $ in the mining town of Sangaredi in the country’s northeast corner. The new plant is the largest of its kind in the world, and the project is the largest that has been completed in West Africa.
In January 2005, 100 suspected Islamists were arrested, and 31 of them were tried, accused of attempting to overthrow the government. Despite the serious indictment, they were all acquitted in June.
During a visit to France in 2005, when he visited his family, Prime Minister François Fall resigned and sought political asylum. As a reason, he mentioned the corruption in the country and the president’s increasing interference in his work that made this impossible. In April 2006, Conté Falls removed successor, Cellou Dalein Diallo. The country was without prime minister until February 2007.
Thousands of supporters of Alpha Condé had met when he returned from his exile in France in July 2005.
In August 2005, President Conté allowed private and non-governmental organizations to set up radio and television stations. A 14-year ban was thus repealed. It was pressure from foreign donors – especially Europeans – along with a strong national campaign for press freedom that forced the president to lift the ban. In any case, the president excluded political parties and religious organizations from the right to create their own stations. At the same time, many local journalists feared that in many cases the possibility of obtaining a broadcast permit would be hampered by bureaucratic procedures. In the first instance, applications must be sent to the Ministry of Information, which processes them and passes them on to the National Communications Council. Ultimately, however, it is the Ministry of Telecommunications that has to issue the frequency licenses.