Mali Government and Politics
Following the 1992 constitution, Mali is a presidential, unified state republic according to AllCityCodes.com. The president is elected in the general election for five years and can be re-elected once. He appoints the prime minister, who in turn appoints the rest of the government. Legislative power has been added to a national assembly of 147 members, elected in the general election for five years.
Mali is divided into ten administrative regions. In addition, the capital Bamako is a separate district. Also see AbbreviationFinder for abbreviation of ML and its meanings of Mali.
The judiciary comprises a Supreme Court, a Court of Appeal, two first instance courts and separate labor courts. The legislation is based on French examples.
Other factors that promoted the uprising in the north of the country were the government’s redistribution of the north in favor of the south as well as the corruption. In May and June, the IMF and the World Bank held a loan of DKK 70 million. US $ back to Mali because the government could not provide sensible explanations for the purchase of a presidential aircraft purchased outside the state budget, as well as scams by military means. A subsequent audit revealed fraud of $ 56 million. US $ within the country’s military budget.
In 2012-13, human rights organizations reported serious human rights violations on both sides in the form of summary executions, civilian abuse in the form of abuse and murder, use of child soldiers, and looting. 400,000 were then on the run.
Django Sissoko resigned as Prime Minister in September 2013 and was replaced by Oumar Tatam Ly.
Oumar Tatam Ly resigned as Prime Minister in April 2014 and was replaced by Moussa Mara.
On the same day that Moussa Mara was supposed to have visited the city of Kidal in northern Mali, fierce fighting broke out in the city of Kidal between government soldiers and rebels. After three days of fighting, a ceasefire was concluded between the parties. Eight civilians were then executed and some 30 officials taken hostage. Subsequently, the two sides exchanged prisoners of war.
Moussa Mara resigned as Prime Minister in January 2015 and was replaced by Modibo Keita.
The fighting continued in the north. In mid-January 2015, AQIM attacked a MINUSMA camp. A few days before, they had attacked a military column in Nampala, killing 11 government soldiers.
Also in January, MINUSMA soldiers fired a civilian demonstration outside the MINUSMA base in Gao, killing 3 and wounding 4. The demonstration had been violent and was a protest against the UN’s plan to create a buffer zone in the northern city of Tabankort. In March, the victims’ families reported MINUSMA for murder. A UN investigation placed the responsibility for the murders of MINUSMA’s officers and stated that they had used unauthorized and deadly violence. The full report from the investigation remained secret.
Tensions in the country diminished when the government and the Azawad Movement (CMA) in June 2015 concluded a peace agreement. As part of the agreement, a political decentralization was to be carried out in the country and an international commission of inquiry was set up to investigate the crimes and human rights violations during the war of previous years. The agreement also meant that no amnesty should be given to persons suspected or convicted of war crimes. As part of the agreement, the arrest warrant against 14 senior CMA members was revoked and other CMA members subsequently released from prisons in Bamako. In the same month, the MNUSMA mandate was extended by the UN by 1 year. In August, former minister and member of the political opposition, Ousmane Oumarou Sidibé was made chairman of the National Truth and Reconciliation Commission.