According to physicscat, in 2013, Iraq was a country located in the Middle East. It was bordered by Syria, Turkey, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Iraq had an estimated population of 34 million people and the official language of the country was Arabic. The government in Iraq at that time was a federal parliamentary republic with Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki as head of government. Iraq had been through a lot in recent years; it had been under siege for many years due to the US-led invasion in 2003 and subsequent occupation which resulted in much destruction and displacement of its population. In addition to this, the country was also suffering from an insurgency by extremist groups such as Al Qaeda which further destabilized the region. This instability created challenges for economic development; however, there were still signs of progress throughout 2013 as Iraq began to recover from its tumultuous past. The economy of Iraq relied heavily on oil production; it accounted for around 95% of total export earnings and 80% of government revenues at that time. Despite this reliance on oil production, other sectors such as agriculture and manufacturing were starting to grow as well. Unemployment levels were high at around 15%, though this number had been decreasing due to increased foreign investment in the country’s infrastructure and oil sector. In terms of security, 2013 saw some improvements over previous years; however, there were still significant threats from insurgent groups such as Al Qaeda who continued to carry out terrorist attacks throughout the country. In addition to this insecurity, there were also ongoing concerns about human rights abuses committed by both government forces and insurgent groups alike; these included violations such as torture and extrajudicial killings which hampered efforts towards establishing a stable democracy in Iraq. Overall, 2013 was a year of progress for Iraq despite some ongoing security threats and human rights violations; thanks to increased foreign investment into the country’s infrastructure and oil sector there were signs that economic growth could be achieved if these issues could be addressed effectively by the government. Iraq in 2014 was a country located in the Middle East, with an area of 438,317 square kilometers and a population of over 35 million people. The official language is Arabic, though there are other languages spoken in the country such as Kurdish and Turkish. Iraq is known for its rich history and culture; its traditional music, dance, and art have been heavily influenced by the country’s multiple religions and its many ethnic groups. Its cuisine is also varied and incorporates ingredients from all over the region: stews from the Tigris River Valley, vegetables from the Persian Gulf region, and fruits from Central Asia. The economy of Iraq has traditionally been based on oil exports; however, in recent years the government has made efforts to diversify its economy through investments in industry, services, and tourism. Tourism is becoming increasingly popular in Iraq due to its ancient sites; some of the most popular destinations include Baghdad for its vibrant city life, Basra for its historical sites and monuments, Erbil for its heritage sites and parks, and Najaf for its religious importance. In addition to these attractions, Iraq also offers unique cultural experiences such as lively festivals or traditional villages on the countryside. Overall, Iraq is an exciting destination with plenty to offer visitors from around the world. Check aristmarketing for Iraq in 1997.