Togo Government and Politics

Constitution and political system

Togo Country Flag

Togo is a unified state and democratic republic. The supreme executive authority is appended to the president, who is the country’s real leader and elected in the general election for five years. He appoints the Prime Minister, who must have the support of the majority in the National Assembly, and the other government. Legislative authority has been added to the National Assembly. It is elected in the general election for five years and has 81 members. Despite formal democratization, Togo is an authoritarian regime in which President Gnassingbé Eyadéma sat in power from 1967 until he died in 2005 and was succeeded by his son Faure Gnassingbé.


Administratively, the country of Togo is divided into five regions and 21 prefectures.

The judiciary

The judiciary comprises a constitutional court, two appellate courts and a number of first instance courts. In addition, there is a labor court, a children’s court, a security court and a administrative court. The judges are appointed by the president. The legislation is based on French examples.

The weapon

The weapon shows a green shield coated with a white, oval dial; on the dial a yellow heart shield with the letters RT (for République Togolaise). Above the heart shield, which has two red lions with arrow and bow as shield holders, two national flags are seen under a text ribbon with the motto Union, paix, solidarity, ‘Unity, peace, solidarity’. The weapon was assumed in 1962.

Weights and Measures

Dimensions and weight are metric.

Togo’s defense

Togo has military service after selection, with military service for two years. Togo has defense cooperation with France. The total force numbers for Togo’s armed forces are 8550 active personnel (2018, IISS). In addition, 750 semi-military personnel come in a gendarmerie.


The army has a strength of about 8100 active personnel. Materials include two tanks (T-54 and/or T-55), nine Scorpion light tanks, 86 light trucks, 20 storm tanks, 34 armored vehicles, and six self-propelled artillery. In addition, the army has light artillery and air defense artillery.

Air Force

The Air Force has a strength of 250 active personnel. Materials include 10 training aircraft (which can also be used as attack aircraft/light attack aircraft), five transport aircraft, and four helicopters.

The Navy

The Navy has a force of about 200 active personnel, including a naval infantry unit, and three patrol vessels.

International operations

In 2018 Togo participated in the UN operation in Mali (MINUSMA) with infantry battalion and one field hospital (937 personnel), and two observers. In addition, Togo participated with observers and a small number of personnel in UN operations in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), in Liberia (UNMIL), in Sudan (UNAMID), in South Sudan (UNMISS), and in Western Sahara (MINURSO)).

Togo Head of Government

You may also like...