|Planet Earth has six continents, which are divided by
the oceans. These serve for a better understanding of the
planet. Find out what these continents are, their
territorial extensions, the number of countries and the
Continents are the
separations made by men for a better territorial
understanding of Planet Earth.
The continents are separated by oceans. This today,
because approximately 400 million years ago there was only
one continent. This was called " Pangea ".
See the image below: The tectonic plates caused the
Pangeia to be divided into six parts. Therefore, today
our planet has six continents, being these:
Asia, America, Africa, Antarctica, Europe and Oceania.
Learn more about the continents of Planet Earth:
The Asia is om aior continent of Earth,
with about 45 million square kilometers. In addition, it
also has the largest population, estimated at 4.5 billion
people. In Asia, the highest point in the world is found,
Mount Everest, with 8,848m high. The continent has 53
The America is the second largest continent in
the world, with a total area of 42 million square
kilometers. Its population is estimated at 1 billion
inhabitants. This is generally divided into three parts,
North, Central and South America. There is also a separation
like Anglo-Saxon America and Latin America. The continent
has 35 countries.
In the colonial period from the beginning of the 1500-t.
until 1821, Central America constituted the administrative
unit of Guatemalan Statehood, the Capitanía
General, consisting of Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador,
Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica as listed on
Countryaah. Panama, which first became an independent nation in 1903 in
connection with the construction of the Panama Canal, was
part of Colombia. After the detachment from Spain, the
region was part of the short-lived Mexican Iturbide empire
(1821-23). After that, the countries formed a federal
republic with the exception of Chiapas, who chose to remain
part of Mexico. The federal republic lasted until 1838.
Since then, the countries have been independent republics
with considerable reliance on the great powers that have
been interested in the area as the narrowest passage between
the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Britain had Belize (British Honduras) as a colony until
1964, when it gained internal autonomy. Belize became
independent in 1981.
In the 1870s, liberal reforms were implemented that
limited the Catholic Church's economic and political power
and brought about some modernization of the state apparatus.
During the same period, the American banana companies
established themselves in the region and played a major role
both economically and politically. They had interests in
railways, telegraphs, telephone, electricity and banks.
In the mid-1800s. was a coffee production established in
Costa Rica, El Salvador and Guatemala.
With the exception of Costa Rica, the region has been
plagued by dictatorships, civil wars and military
intervention by the United States. Already in the mid-1800s.
Nicaragua was occupied by William Walker, an adventurer who,
with the support of American businessmen, proclaimed himself
President of the country. There has been US military
presence in Nicaragua from 1909 and support for the Somozad
dictatorship 1934-79 when the Sandinists took power. In the
following decade, the United States supported the so-called
contra in their war against the Sandinists.
In 1954, the United States, symbolically supported by
Nicaragua and Honduras, invaded Guatemala and deposed
President Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán.
During the Cold War and with Cuba's dependence on the
Soviet Union, the conflicts in Central America for the
United States became part of the confrontation between the
two superpowers, although the conflicts and the civil wars
were also largely due to the poor internal economic, social
and political conditions under which the majority of the
population lived.. During the 1990s, the region succeeded in
pacifying. The armed conflicts have ended, but the social
problems remain unresolved.
The Africa is the continent with the highest number of
ethnic groups in the world. Before Europeans, the continent
had more than two thousand different civilizations. Its
total area is 30 million km˛ and its population is estimated
at 1.2 billion people. The continent has 54 countries.
Also known as the South Pole, Antarctica is the
fourth largest continent in the world, with
approximately 14 million km˛. Its territory is divided among
several countries, which constitute several bases for
carrying out scientific research. The continent has several
tracts of land, the opposite of what people believe. In
addition, there is life in the territory. As an example,
The Europe is the continent most politically
important of the world, although not the greatest.
This is because, through it, various political, economic,
cultural and social ideals in various territories were
influenced. Just like science, since the best known
philosophers are Greek. The continent has about 10 million
km˛ in territory and at least 800 million inhabitants.
Europe has 49 countries.
The Oceania was the last place on Earth to be colonized.
For this reason, it is known as “brand new world” by
Europeans. Its territory has about 8 million km˛, mostly
formed by groups of islands. Its population is estimated at
approximately 40 million people. The continent has 14
Countries in Latin America